• Manufacturer Volkswagen
  • Production 6.3 million units
  • Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany,
    TAS, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
    New Stanton, Pennsylvania, United States
    Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
    Uitenhage, South Africa.
  • Body style(s) 3-door hatchback,
    5-door hatchback
  • Successor Volkswagen Golf Mk3
  • Engine(s) All markets except North America/Japan:
    1.3L 55 PS (54 hp/40 kW) I4
    1.6L 75 PS (74 hp/55 kW) I4
    1.8L 90 PS (89 hp/66 kW) I4
    1.8L 98 PS (97 hp/72 kW) I4 Syncro only
    1.8L 112 PS (110 hp/82 kW) I4
    1.8L 129 PS (127 hp/95 kW) I4 16V (Motorcode: PL)
    1.8L 139 PS (137 hp/102 kW) I4 16V (Motorcode: Kr)
    1.8L 160 PS (158 hp/118 kW) G60 I4
    1.8L 210 PS (207 hp/154 kW) 16V-G60 (limited edition)
    1.6L 54 PS (53 hp/40 kW) I4 diesel
    1.6L 70 PS (69 hp/51 kW) I4 turbo diesel
    1.6L 80 PS (79 hp/59 kW) I4 turbo-intercooler diesel
    North America/Japan:
    1.8L 85 hp (63 kW) I4 (MY 1985-1987)
    1.8L 100 hp (75 kW) I4 (MY 1988-1990)
    1.8L 94 hp (70 kW) I4 (MY 1991-1993)
    1.8L 102 hp (76 kW) I4 GTI (MY 1987)
    1.8L 105 hp (78 kW) I4 GTI (MY 1988-1992)
    2.0L 115 hp (86 kW) I4 GTI (MY 1993)
    1.8L 123 hp (92 kW) I4 16V (MY 1987-1989)
    2.0L 134 hp (100 kW) I4 16V GTI (MY 1990-1992)
    1.6L 52 hp (39 kW) I4 diesel (MY 1985-1990?)
    1.6L 68 hp (51 kW) I4 turbo diesel (MY 1985-1988?)

    Electric motor ABB 200# CityStromer prodused ( 1991 MY?)
  • Transmission(s) 4-speed/5-speed manual,
    3-speed automatic
  • Height 1415 mm (55.7 in)
  • Length 3985 mm (156.9 in)−4035 mm (158.9 in),
    North America: 158.0 in (4013.2 mm) (MY 85-88)
    159.6 in (4053.8 mm) (MY 89-93)
  • Width 1665 mm (65.6 in)−1700 mm (66.9 in)
  • Wheelbase 2470 mm (97.2 in)
  • Kerb Weight 910 kg (2006 lb)−1245 kg (2745 lb)
    North America: 2,137 lb (969 kg)−2,445 lb (1,109 kg)
  • Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
  • Platform Volkswagen Group A2 platform
  • Predecessor Volkswagen Golf Mk1
  • Related Volkswagen Jetta,
    Volkswagen Corrado,
    SEAT Toledo

The history of the Volkswagen Golf II


The Volkswagen Golf is a compact car manufactured by Volkswagen since 1974 and marketed worldwide across six generations, in various body configurations and under various nameplates - as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada (Mk1 and Mk5), and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico (Mk1).
The front-wheel drive Golf was Volkswagen's first successful replacement for the air-cooled Volkswagen Beetle. Historically, it is Volkswagen's best-selling model and the world's third best-selling model, with more than 25 million built by 2007.
Most production of the Golf was initially in the 3-door hatchback style. Other variants include a 5-door hatchback, estate/wagon (Variant, from 1993), convertible (Cabriolet and Cabrio, 1979-2002), and a Golf-derived notchback saloon/sedan, variously called Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen Vento or Volkswagen Bora (from 1979). The cars have filled many market segments, from basic personal cars, to high-performance hot hatches.
The nameplate Golf derives from the German word for Gulf Stream and the period in its history when VW named vehicles after prominent winds, including also the Passat (after the German word for Trade wind), Jetta (after the Jet stream), Bora (after Bora) and Scirocco (after Sirocco).
In May 1974, Volkswagen presented the first-generation Golf as a modern front-wheel-drive, long-range replacement for the Volkswagen Beetle. Later Golf variations included the Golf GTI "hot hatch" (introduced in June, 1976), a Diesel-powered version (from September, 1976), the Jetta notchback saloon version (from October, 1979), the Golf Cabriolet (from January, 1980) and a Golf-based pickup, the Volkswagen Caddy. All variants proved instantly popular with the only notable technical flaw being the poor braking in RHD models, due to the master cylinder for the brakes being placed on the left for LHD cars, as Volkswagen never intended the Golf to be sold abroad.
August 1984 saw the introduction of the second-generation Mk2 that slightly grew in terms of wheelbase, exterior and interior dimensions while retaining, in a more rounded form, the Mk1's overall look. In 1985, the first Golfs with four-wheel-drive (Golf Country) went on sale with the same Syncro four-wheel drive system being employed on the supercharged G60 models, exclusively released on the continent in 1989 with 160 bhp (120 kW) and ABS braking.
A Mk2-based second generation Jetta was unveiled in January 1984. There was no Mk2-based Cabriolet model; instead, the Mk1 Cabriolet was continued over the Mk2's entire production run.
New engines included the first Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine in a Golf, and a narrow-angle 2.8 L VR6 engine. The VR6-engined version accelerated from 060 mph (097 km/h) in 7.1 seconds, posting a record 15.5 1/4-mile time at 90.5 mph. EPA estimate 18 mpg (city) or 25 mpg (highway), with 261 mi (420 km) per tank (city) and 363 mi (584 km) per tank (highway). For the first time ever, a Golf estate (Golf Variant) joined the line-up in September 1993 (although most markets did not receive this model until early 1994), at the same time a completely new Mk3-derived Cabriolet was introduced, replacing the 13-year-old Mk1-based version. With a body style similar to that of the Golf, it was continued on until 2001 with only minor changes in the 1999 model year. The notchback version, called VW Vento (or Jetta III in North America), was presented in January, 1992.
The Mk3 continued to be sold until 1999 in Canada and parts of South America, also in Mexico as a special edition called "Mi" (Golf CL 4-door, added A/C, special interiors, OEM black tinted rear stop lights, and ABS, no OEM radio) ("Mi" ("i" in red) stands for Multiport Injection and the 1.8 L engine was upgraded to 2.0).
The Golf Mk4 was first introduced in August 1997, followed by a notchback version (VW Bora or, in North America, again VW Jetta) in August 1998 and a new Golf Variant (estate) in March 1999. There was no Mk4-derived Cabriolet, although the Mk3 Cabriolet received a facelift in late 1999 that comprised bumpers, grill and headlights similar to those of the Mark 4 models. New high-performance models included the 3.2 L VR6 engined four-wheel-drive Golf R32 introduced in 2004, a 2.8 L four-wheel drive Golf VR6 4Motion version available succeeding the Mk3 VR6 which used a 2.8 L VR6 and only had front-wheel drive, as well as the famous 1.8T (turbo) 4-cylinder used in various Volkswagen Group models.
As of 2008, certain variants of the Golf/Bora Mk4 were still in production in Brazil, China, and Mexico. Revised versions of the Mk4 are currently on sale in Canada marketed as the City Golf and City Jetta and Golf City and Jetta City in 2009. The two models are VW Canada's entry-level offerings. They received a significant freshening for the 2008 model year, including revised headlamps, taillamps, front and rear fascias, sound systems, and wheels. Both models are offered only with the 2.0 L, 8-valve SOHC four-cylinder petrol engine, rated at 115 bhp (86 kW). They are the only entry-level offerings with an optional six-speed automatic. The production of Golf Mk4 for the US market ended in 2006. But for the European markets, the production of the fourth generation ended in 2003.
In Germany, the Volkswagen Golf Mk4 was succeeded by the Golf Mk5 in 2003 in Europe. This model did not reach the North American markets until model year 2006, where it was marketed as the Rabbit. The North American base model is powered by a 2.5 L five-cylinder engine. A GTI version is powered by a turbocharged version of the 2.0 FSI engine, producing 200PS.
The saloon/sedan version, again called Volkswagen Jetta in most markets and assembled in Germany, South Africa, as well as Mexico (In Mexico this car is named Bora, in Europe it is now again named Jetta, as well), followed in 2004, a new Golf Variant in 2006. The Jetta however, is not the only variant, as the notchback version of the GTI can also be had in the GLI version. The front ends of the car are the same, with the only difference being that the GLI is a sedan, while the GTI is a "hot hatch".
The Mk6 Golf was designed by Volkswagen's chief designer Walter de'Silva, with design cues inspired from the previous generations of the Golf, particularly the Mk1 and the Mk4. The design is said to be more aerodynamic, helping fuel efficiency, and is quieter than its predecessor. Following criticism of the downgraded interior trim quality of the Mk5 Golf in comparison to the Mk4, Volkswagen opted to overhaul the interior to match the quality with the Mk4 Golf, while maintaining the same user friendliness from the Mk5. The car will also be cheaper to build than its predecessor; Volkswagen claims that it will be able to pass on these savings to the customer as a result.
Turbocharged Direct Injection diesel engines which use the common rail direct injection will replace the longstanding Pumpe Dse (PD) Unit Injector system. New on the Golf, is the optional Volkswagen Adaptive Chassis Control, which will allow the driver to select between 'normal', 'comfort' and 'sports' modes, which will vary the suspension, steering and accelerator behaviour accordingly.
The VW Golf has had several generations made into electric CityStromer models. The first of these was in the 1970s, when VW took a standard Golf Mk1 and converted it to electric power. By the time the Golf Mk2 came into production a limited number of electric Golfs were made, using lead-acid battery packs and a custom-made motor and controller. VW continued with the production of limited numbers of CityStromer electric cars with the introduction of the Golf Mk3. The electric CityStromer Mk3 included a Siemens based AC drive system, and lead-acid battery packs. They had a maximum speed of 60 mph (97 km/h) and a range of approximately 50 mi (80 km). With a few exceptions, only left-hand drive Golfs were converted by VW into Citystromer models. These vehicles are still used today and have popularity in mainland Europe with only a few present in England. Two right-hand drive Mk2 CityStromers were built for the UK market.
VW CEO Martin Winterkorn announced Volkswagen Golf Twin Drive plug-in hybrid vehicle based on Mk5 Golf, which uses 2.0 L 122 bhp (91 kW) turbodiesel and 82 hp (61 kW) electric motor with lithium-ion batteries. The car can run about 50 km (31 mi) on battery power. The combined power is 204 bhp (152 kW).
Volkswagen developed the Twin Drive system with eight German partners and is planning a trial fleet of 20 Golfs outfitted with the system in 2010.
The production version was expected to be based on Mk6 Golf featuring a 1.5 L turbodiesel engine and electric motor, with estimated arrival date of 2015.

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
City car     Lupo Fox
Supermini ... Polo Mk1 Polo Mk2 Polo Mk2F Polo Mk3 Polo Mk3F Polo Mk4 Polo Mk4F
... Derby Mk1      
family car
... Type 1 (Beetle)     New Beetle
... Golf Mk1 Golf Mk2 Golf Mk3 Golf Mk4 Golf Mk5 Golf Mk6
... Jetta Mk1 Jetta Mk2 Vento Bora Jetta Mk5
Large family car Passat I Passat II Passat III Passat IV Passat V Passat VI
Exec. luxury car       Phaeton
Coupé ... Scirocco I Scirocco II     Scirocco III
  Corrado     Passat CC
Convertible . . . Golf Mk1 Cabriolet Golf Mk2 Cabriolet   Golf Mk3 Cabriolet   New Beetle Cabriolet
      Golf Plus
Large MPV     Sharan
Off-roader (SUV)       Tiguan
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact   Fox / Fox wagon    
Compact Rabbit I Golf II Golf III Golf IV Rabbit V
Jetta I Jetta II Jetta III Jetta IV Jetta V
Dasher     New Beetle
Mid-size   Quantum Passat III Passat IV Passat V Passat VI
Full-size       Phaeton  
Coupé Scirocco I Scirocco II Corrado     Passat CC
Convertible Rabbit Convertible Cabriolet   Cabrio   Eos
      New Beetle Convertible
Van Vanagon (Type 2 - T3) Eurovan (T4)   Routan
Pickup Rabbit LX      
Compact SUV       Tiguan
Luxury SUV       Touareg Touareg 2

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